Law enforcement and federal agencies are often targeted with malware attacks in response to their efforts to investigate and apprehend cyber criminals. While large organizations such as the FBI, DHS, and other federal agencies have resources which increase their resiliency, smaller organizations, such as police stations and state/local government offices, have been the victims of ransomware attacks in recent years.
Typically, such as the February 2016 ransomware attacks against the city of Durham, N.C. police, the authorities ignored the demand, and reverted their system to a recent backup. On Feb. 25, 2016 the systems belonging to the Melrose Police Department of Massachusetts were infected with ransomware from a malicious email. The malware encrypted a software tool called TriTech, which police officers use for computer aided dispatch and as a record management system during patrol. The program also enables law enforcement officers to log incident reports. The department paid the 1 Bitcoin ransom.